European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR)
The European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) is an international treaty to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms in Europe, created in 1950. All EU Member States have signed the Convention and are bound by its obligations.
The Convention sets forth a number of fundamental rights and freedoms. The Protocols expand on the set of fundamental rights. The European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg has been set up to ensure the observance of the obligations.