FGM in Europe
It is estimated that 600.000 women living in Europe are Female Genital Mutilation. FGM exists in Europe and has been around for a long time. However, research has shown that there are still many challenges in Europe that need to be addressed in order to develop adequate national and European policies on FGM.
Note: map data from 2018
While data does exist on FGM in Europe, obtaining the figures has always proven to be difficult and hindered by many challenges. The European Institute for Gender Equality (EIGE) plays a leading role in providing information and research on prevalence of female genital mutilation in the European Union and supports Member States to prevent and combat this harmful practice and has carried out three main studies on the subject (below).
Further research and data can also be found here:
Many challenges stand in the way of progress when it comes to ending FGM in Europe. These include:
- Lack of knowledge in the professional community on FGM for those who come into contact with FGM cases. See UEFGM for supporting professionals dealing with FGM
- Lack of funding for grassroot communities: In order for there to be cooperative action to end FGM in Europe and beyond, affected FGM communities need to be present in ending FGM. However, these have been challenging to mobilise with a lack of funding
- Lack of data and research: While data and research does exist
- Lack of a systematic approach to the provision of services relating to FGM and the need for culturally sensitive services
- Too many obstacles to the prosecution of FGM cases that need to be removed while taking into account the best interest of the child;
What Can Europe Do?
At European Union (EU) level, there are key tools that contribute strongly to putting an end to the harmful practice of FGM in Europe and beyond. The Network works to insure that policy, decision makers and other EU stakeholders continue to increase their engagement in ending FGM through:
- Increased understanding and awareness on EU commitments on FGM
- Supporting NGOs/CSOs and grass root communities in tackling FGM
- Implement a coordinated human rights based and child focused approach in all areas relating to ending FGM
- The European Commission Communication on the elimination of FGM as endorsed by the European Parliament and the Council of EU
- The Istanbul Convention
- The United Nations (UN) Resolution on eliminating FGM