European Parliament - Gender related asylum claims in Europe: A comparative analysis of law, policies and practice focusing on women in nine EU Member States (2012)

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The report on Gender related asylum claims in Europe seeks to identify good practices in order to encourage EU Member States to improve the gender-sensitivity of asylum systems and ensure greater harmonisation of policies, protocols and practices across the EU while mainstreaming a gender perspective. The report provides a review of the asylum system and practices in Belgium, France, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Romania, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom. Recommendations to European agencies, member states and bodies include:

  • European parliament, Council and Commission should provide EU-wide gender guidelines to ensure the asylum procedure is gender-sensitive
  • Member states should publish gender-disaggregated data annually and adopt and implement specific national gender guidelines for asylum applicants
  • EASO should implement the recommendations of the En-Gendering the European Asylum Support Office report
  • The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe should promote the importance of gender-sensitive asylum systems in all member states
  • The European Institute for Gender Studies (EIGE) should promote the integration of the gender dimension in all aspects of EU asylum policies
  • UNHCR should compile all guidelines into a single resource for policy makers and practitioners and translate into all EU official languages
  • The Fundamental Rights Agency (FRA) should conduct research on the reception, detention and integration of women asylum seekers
  • The CEDAW Committee should adopt the draft General Recommendation on Gender Equality in the Context of Forced Displacement and Statelessness
  • NGOs active in asylum should appoint gender focal points and liaise with women’s civil society actors