European Parliament

  • Resolution of June 2012 called for an end to FGM in Europe and abroad through prevention, protection measures and legislation. The Parliament reminded the European Commission of its commitment to develop a strategy to combat violence against women, including FGM.
  • Nearly 400 MEP candidates signed a pledge committing to prioritise ending FGM if they were elected in 2014. 93 of these candidates were elected as MEPs. Check if your MEP has taken the pledge.
  • FGM highlighted yearly in the Parliament’s Human Rights in the World report since 2009. Read the latest report here.

European Commission

European Council

  • In June 2014 the Justice and Home Affairs (JHA) Council adopted conclusions on Preventing and Combating All forms of violence against women and girls, including female genital mutilation.
  • In March 2010 the Employment and Social Committee Council (EPSCO) requested for the creation of tools and exchange of knowledge and practices to end violence against women, including FGM by establishing a European observatory.

Key Directives adopted by the EU

  • The victim’s rights directive adopted in October 2012 obliges provision of support services to victims of violence, including those of FGM
  • The Asylum Reception Conditions Directive which were endorsed by the European Council in October 2012 specifically mentions victims of FGM amongst vulnerable persons who should receive appropriate healthcare during their asylum procedure
  • The Asylum Qualification Directive adopted in late 2011 where FGM was included as grounds to be taken into account for international protection.